Youth in action case studies - correlation research definition pdf









youth in action case studies

youth in action case studiesYouth in action case studies -Minimum capital requirements significantly slow entrepreneurship. Such requirements also fail to serve their intended purpose of protecting consumers and creditors from hastily established and potentially insolvent firms.The data show that there is a positive correlation between the recovery rate for creditors and the strength of the legal framework for insolvency.Future for Outcomes Calculator Detailed case studies of how four local authorities are involving youth workers in the delivery of the Troubled Families Programme.Lack of transparency can also lead to land record fraud or alteration, land document forgery and multiple allocations of the same plot of land Transparency is one of the most important tools for combating corruption—it is the basic pillar of enhancing the quality of land administration.In 2013, Transparency International reported that one in five users of land services globally claimed to have paid a bribe for services such as registering a land title or obtaining updated property ownership information.Zoning regulations can provide a useful framework for investors and developers by specifying the most appropriate location for their projects before they apply for a construction permit. introduces a new indicator to measure the quality of the construction permitting system.For the first time this year, the indicator collects data on the use and advancement of single windows around the world.The global financial crisis of 2008–09 had a dramatic impact on national tax revenue and led to a sharp increase in deficits and public debt.This case study discusses many of these good practices and concludes that economies with more judicial good practices in place tend to have faster and less costly contract enforcement.collected preliminary data in 170 economies on the reliability, transparency and coverage of land registration systems and on land dispute resolution.Thus an efficient international trade system can increase economic opportunities and improve livelihoods—especially in poor economies with small domestic markets.This case study shows that business rescue is more likely in economies where the law provides for post-commencement finance.In recent years, modern secured transactions regimes, the milestone to facilitating access to finance for small and medium-size enterprises, have gained lots of attention from policy makers who struggle to adjust their legislations in order provide a favorable business environment for small companies. Doing Business, through the protecting minority investors indicator set, measures aspects such as the protection of shareholders against directors’ misuse of corporate assets for personal gain and the rights and role of shareholders in corporate governance.The case study presents the summary of the main findings of the new indicator.The data give interesting insights into the tax policies implemented during the financial crisis of 2008–09.Some form of private sector participation in construction regulation is employed in 93 of the 190 economies covered by Doing Business.Overly complicated tax systems are associated with high levels of tax evasion, large informal sectors, more corruption and less investment.2 Tax compliance systems should be designed so as not to discourage businesses from participating in the formal economy.This briefing aims to capture stories of good practice from across England where local authorities have worked in partnership with children and young people to make positive change.Taxation is essential for sustainable economic development, and tax administration is a basic function of a successful state.Today’s manufacturers and agricultural producers operate in a global supply chain.youth in action case studiesFor the first time this year, Doing Business considers the product of comparative advantage for each economy when measuring export procedures, while for import procedures it focuses on a single, very common manufactured product (auto parts).Since then, the most common type of reform recorded by the indicators has been the introduction of or improvements to reorganization procedures.Many factors, however, can make it challenging to implement insolvency reforms.introduces 3 new measures that are unrelated to this transaction, covering a broader array of regulations that are conducive of capital market investment and that promote greater access to finance for entrepreneurs.When governments spend taxpayers’ money, they are more accountable to make budget decisions transparent and accessible., 110 economies have introduced 205 changes aimed at facilitating the efficient resolution of corporate insolvency.Over the past five years 37 economies computerized their land registry.Though small and medium-size enterprises usually try to avoid going to trial, effective contract enforcement systems matter for them.Under the new methodology, Doing Business measures the time and cost for three sets of procedures needed for exporting and importing: documentary compliance, border compliance and domestic transport.As the first interface between the regulator and a potential new entrepreneur, company registries hold the key to the formal economy, providing businesses with a legal identity and empowering them to participate fully and within the framework of the law.This year a new index has been introduced to measure the reliability of electricity supply and transparency of tariffs.The new index is based on quantitative data on the duration and frequency of power outages as well as qualitative information on how utilities and regulators handle power outages, and how tariffs and tariff changes are communicated to customers.In 2014 the Doing Business project’s Trading across Borders team took on additional research aimed at providing new data to complement existing tools for benchmarking in trade facilitation.In 2013 the cost to connect a single warehouse to a power supply ranged from an average of $19,112 in South Asia to $38,500 in Sub-Saharan Africa. Construction accounts for a large share of GDP in most economies and is often used by governments to stimulate economic activity because of its benefits for people across socioeconomic strata.It increases the efficiency of the real estate market and eliminates asymmetrical information between users and officials with respect to services provided by the land administration.As a component of its registering property indicator set, has measured the transparency of land administration systems for the past four years.This research has focused on whether information concerning the ownership and physical location of a property is public, whether essential information on the property transfer process is made accessible, if there is an independent and specific complaint mechanism to respond to issues raised by land registry users and whether statistics on property transfers in the largest business city of an economy are published.A high quality land registration system is associated with greater access to credit, lower income inequality and a lower incidence of bribery at the land registry.Fair, speedy trials are essential for small enterprises embroiled in disputes.A low cost of tax compliance and efficient tax-related procedures are advantageous for firms. youth in action case studies Transparency is a key element of the quality of land administration systems.Once an appropriate legal framework and data system have been established, the land records can be converted into a digital format so that they are properly stored and protected from the effects of time (excessive use, moisture) or even natural disasters (floods, earthquakes).In 2013/14, the resolving insolvency indicators started measuring whether insolvency laws complied with certain international standards, including access to reorganization proceedings for debtors and creditors.Yet in many countries the bureaucratic obstacles and high costs imposed by inefficient company registries deter people with good business ideas from embarking on the path of formal entrepreneurship.A reliable electricity supply is vital for the operation of any business, as is the transparency of the tariffs for the advance planning of future expenses.Governments and civil society have come together in recent years to increase the transparency of business information.Finally, the analysis shows that economies with more efficient construction permitting systems have better quality control and safety mechanisms in place.By comparing different aspects of their energy sectors, it highlights some key elements and actors that drive, or prevent, a reliable energy supply.Formalizing a business may involve multiple interactions with government agencies and with third-party private professionals whose services are either required by law or desirable because of regulatory complexity.has been monitoring how governments tax businesses through its paying taxes indicators for 9 years, looking at both tax administration and tax rates.Registered property rights are necessary to support investment, productivity and growth.Modern tax systems seek to optimize tax collections while minimizing administrative and taxpayer compliance costs.The research focused on 10 economies: Bangladesh, Benin, China, the Czech Republic, Honduras, the Republic of Korea, Moldova, Qatar, St. Freedom of contract is the power of contracting parties to freely determine the content of their agreement without interference from the government or from other individuals.By 2012, 76 of the economies measured by An economy’s competitiveness is driven by many factors, including how quickly, reliably and cost-effectively the private sector can trade goods.Efficient contract enforcement promotes investment by influencing the decisions of economic actors.The data show that examples of good practice exist in all regions of the world.introduces an important change in methodology for the enforcing contracts indicators.By promoting investment, good judicial institutions can also contribute to economic growth and development.Yet, in many economies around the world, entrepreneurs continue to face excessively burdensome entry regulation.The study applied a time-and-motion approach to map out the step-by-step procedures in trade. youth in action case studies Entrepreneurs should have the opportunity to turn their ideas into a business and often a first step is to formally register a company.Registering property indicator examines the steps, time and cost involved in registering property.introduces a new component of the resolving insolvency indicator set this year, the strength of insolvency framework index.This indicator tests whether each economy has adopted internationally recognized good practices in the area of insolvency.If business disputes take months or even years for courts to resolve, small firms might not have the financial strength to stay in business that long, regardless of trial outcomes.The Role of Youth Work in Supporting Troubled Families This short paper summarises the learning from development of the calculator and piloting with two local authorities: Norfolk County Council and Staffordshire County Council.Efficient courts and enforcement reduce informality, improve access to credit and increase trade. Yet many entrepreneurs around the world struggle with high costs to connect to electricity grids.Effective systems for secured transactions and credit reporting can improve access to finance for small and medium-size enterprises.Taxation also helps make a government accountable to its citizens.This is confirmed by the data for the expanded indicators on getting credit, which this year also cover the functional approach to secured transactions, more features of the collateral registry and the availability of credit scores as well as online access to credit information.These countries introduced and improved restructuring procedures and business reorganization has become an increasingly utilized option for viable firms in financial distress. Formally registered companies tend to have greater profits, investments and productivity, while their employees benefit from social security and other legal protections.The legal implications of shareholder empowerment have been studied extensively.indicators on protecting minority investors measure minority shareholder protections against directors’ misuse of corporate assets for personal gain.This case study focuses on 4 lower middle income economies with varying levels of electricity supply reliability: Guatemala and Indonesia are examples of economies with reliable electricity supply in the main business cities; Cameroon and Pakistan are examples of economies providing an unreliable supply for customers.Beyond going digital, land registries can develop new services and be connected to other agencies.Involving private sector engineers or firms in construction regulation is a trend that has been gaining traction in economies around the world.It also looks at judicial efficiency in contract resolution in the same 34 economies, using data for the enforcing contracts indicators as a proxy for judicial efficiency.This is done by positing specific sets of assumptions about a related-party transaction between 2 companies that involves a clear conflict of interest.Since 2004 Rwanda has substantially improved access to credit, streamlined procedures for starting a business, reduced the time to register property, simplified cross-border trade and made courts more accessible for resolving commercial disputes.The data show possible connections between the existence of regulations on post-commencement finance and the likelihood of business survival. youth in action case studies Future for Outcomes Calculator Detailed case studies of how four local authorities are involving youth workers in the delivery of the Troubled Families Programme. youth in action case studies

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