Essay american dream dead - correlation research definition pdf









essay american dream dead

essay american dream deadEssay american dream dead -”—modulates in tone over the course of its pages from bitter disillusionment to resignation to transcendent serenity.And there is something in even those first paragraphs, an un-show-off-y assurance in the prose, like the soft opening notes of a virtuoso or the first casual gestures of a master artist, that tells us we are in the presence not just of a great writer but of something more—someone who knows life, who maybe even understands it.Its vanished trees, the trees that had made way for Gatsbys house, had once pandered in whispers to the last and greatest of all human dreams (page 189).It understood you just so far as you wanted to be understood, believed in you as you would like to believe in yourself (page 53).I see that this has been a story of the West, after all Tom and Gatsby, Daisy and Jordan and I, were all Westerners and perhaps we possessed some deficiency in common which made us subtly unadaptable to Eastern life (page 184).was negative in nature, prohibitive in intent, and almost entirely sexual”—effectively cultivated to become a brittle, conniving hysteric.Fumbling now for his own book on his deathbed, Stoner is once more struck by the miraculous working of his own fingers—both times Williams uses the word “marveled”— as if it is the Word that animates his flesh.Our government is currently engaged in enormously costly and seemingly unending foreign warfare (on two fronts), involved in internal surveillance rivaling the days of Mc Carthyism, has just purchased somewhere around one-third of the entire domestic auto industry, and taken a controlling stake in the largest insurance company in the country.Americans don’t really see him as an anti-hero or a tragic figure—not any more than they see the current breed of charismatic criminals on cable as villains.At first, Stoner sees his own life as the world has judged it, with unforgiving clarity: “He had dreamed of a kind of integrity, of a kind of purity that was entire; he had found compromise and the assaulting diversion of triviality.The novel embodies the very virtues it exalts, the same virtues that probably relegate it, like its titular hero, to its perpetual place in the shade.The same revelation led Lomax and Stoner to their vocations: “the epiphany of knowing something through words that could not be put in words.” (This is, by the way, a trick the novel itself pulls off again and again, in quiet, transcendent moments that make the hair on your arms stand up for reasons you can’t name, giving you glimpses of eternity through the darkening view out an office window on a winter night.) At the end of a long evening of drinking at the Stoners’ house, spent talking mostly about Lomax’s early life and love of books, Lomax, in leaving, kisses Edith chastely on the lips—an oddly charged gesture that seems to have less to do with any attraction to his colleague’s wife than with their shared first love.Gatsby believed in the green light, the orgastic future that year by year recedes before us.Complaining about the inability to absorb the information he deemed necessary before beginning to write, Thompson then suggested a possible method of composition: [T]he idea that came to me tonight took the form of a query letter (a form letter of sorts) to perhaps 30 of the people I might be dealing with in this investigation sort of “Dear Sir, I’m investigating a rumor that somebody killed the American Dream and since the neighbors recently reported screams from your apartment, I thought I’d ask if you might possibly be able to suggest an explanation for these rumors, and perhaps name a few suspects.” [. .] Let’s make the bastards answer: 1) Is the American Dream still pertinent? Mingling among the protesters outside the convention and mixing among journalists covering the event, Thompson witnessed police violence, which would forever scar his psyche and become a constructive factor in virtually all his subsequent writing.It all feels grindingly inevitable, like the annihilating whim of the gods in Euripides.The color green symbolizes the American dream, which is corrupted by the failing morality of the roaring 1920s.In a way, Gatsbys dream is not actually Daisy, but his past memory of her.In a similar manner, Gatsby watches for the green light at the dock in front of Daisys dock.His life has not been squandered in mediocrity and obscurity; his undistinguished career has not been mulish labor but an act of devotion.And Lomax, Stoner’s great adversary in the arena of career, is a sensitive, wounded soul not unlike Stoner himself, who honestly believes it’s Stoner who’s blindly malign, bigoted against himself and his disabled favorite student.essay american dream deadIn one of those few gratifying instances of belated artistic justice, John Williams’s “Stoner” has become an unexpected bestseller in Europe after being translated and championed by the French writer Anna Gavalda.The American dream is one of the most important themes in The Great Gatsby.“Stoner” ’s protagonist is an unglamorous, hardworking academic who marries badly, is estranged from his child, drudges away in a dead-end career, dies, and is forgotten: a failure.He had come a long way to this blue lawn and his dream must have seemed so close that he could hardly fail to grasp it.Its values seem old-fashioned, prewar (which may be one reason it’s set a generation before it was written), holding up conscientious slogging as life’s greatest virtue and reward.Wilson, before his wife dies tries as a last resort to go West, and achieve the American dream of success.The line, “It hardly mattered to him that the book was forgotten and served no use; and the question of its worth at any time seemed almost trivial,” is like the novel’s own epitaph.The old joke was that in Britain if someone saw a Rolls Royce parked on the street he would key it, while in America the same person would wonder how he could earn enough to own one.Four years at West Point is no longer the quick avenue to real power and influence; in the twenty-first century it is four years at Goldman Sachs.Stoner’s colleagues, who held him in no particular esteem when he was alive, speak of him rarely now; to the older ones, his name is a reminder of the end that awaits them all, and to the younger ones it is merely a sound which evokes no sense of the past and no identity with which they can associate themselves or their careers. It’s also, in its unassuming way, an audacious beginning; by preëmpting the usual suspense of narrative, denying us even the promise of some cathartic tragedy, Williams forces us to wonder: What this book be about?“There are wars and defeats and victories of the human race that are not military and that are not recorded in the annals of history,” says Stoner’s mentor, Archer Sloane, the man who first revealed to him the power of literature.Her cruelty is all the more hateful because she keeps herself unaware of it—she isn’t even a plain-dealing villain.The refrain of Stoner’s deathbed scene—“What did you expect?It’s the same thing I sense in reading James Salter: the presence of wisdom.The slower I come to the necessity of linking Nixon, Chicago in 2000), but the problems he saw then are more striking now than ever—and more than superficial.His purpose is in attaining the love of Daisy, a girl he dated before the war, who comes from an old wealthy American family.This marking of evil with deformity strikes a twenty-first century reader as heavy-handed, not to mention un-p.c., like something out of fairy tales or “Dick Tracy.” But, unlike the villains of melodrama, these characters truly live.If that was true he must have felt that he had lost the old warm world, paid a high price for living too long with a single dream (page 169). Wolfshiem tells Nick that I raised him up out of nothing, right out of the gutter.And here again, at the end, “The sunlight, passing his window, shone upon the page, and he could not see what was written there.” For all the jewel-like beauty of its own prose, “Stoner” tells us that the words themselves are inessential; literature, like Stoner himself, is only an imperfect reflector of that light that comes from outside.Gatsbys father tells Nick: If hed of lived hed of been a great man. I am part of that, a little solemn with the feel of those long winters, a little complacent from growing up in the Carraway house in a city where dwellings are still called through decades by a familys name. essay american dream dead The book’s antagonists are its most problematic aspect; they’re essentially instruments used by the world to crush and smother anything that William Stoner loves.Stoner realizes at the last that he found what he sought at the university not in books but in his love and study of them, not in some obscure scholarly Grail but in its pursuit.It eluded us then, but thats no matter tomorrow we will run faster, stretch out our arms farther . Williams contrives to forcibly deprive his hero of happiness in his marriage, his daughter, his lover, even his vocation.S., writing an essay arguing that “Stoner” is a great, chronically underappreciated American novel.But over the past twelve months I have watched a polity of envy against the that dream of a land in which life should be better and richer and fuller for every man, with opportunity for each according to his ability or achievement … Once the frontier stage is passed,—the acquisition of a bare living, and the setting up of a fair economic base,—the American dream itself opens all sorts of questions as to values. Those on top, financially, intellectually, or otherwise, have got to devote themselves to the “Great Society,” and those who are below in the scale have got to strive to rise, not merely economically, but culturally.It faced or seemed to face the whole external world for an instant, and then concentrated on you with an irresistible prejudice in your favor.And its prose, compared to Fitzgerald’s ecstatic art-nouveau lyricism, is austere, restrained, and precise; its polish is the less flashy, more enduring glow of burnished hardwood; its construction is invisibly flawless, like the kind of house they don’t know how to build anymore.“Stoner” opens with a short prologue, describing, in terse, obit-like prose, the life and death of an unbeloved assistant professor of English at a provincial university.That “American Dream” notion becomes increasingly meaningless—mainly because it fits everything I write, and most of what I read.It was one of those rare smiles with a quality of eternal reassurance in it, that you may come across four or five times in life.I have an idea Gatsby himself didnt believe it would come and perhaps he no longer cared. Hill was an American businessman who rose from nothing in Minnesota and became one of the wealthiest Americans through shipping, and later railroads.Later on, after his daughter has been lost to him, Stoner finds real love again with a young student, his intellectual equal—and once again an enemy, seeing his happiness, sets out to take it from him.You might as well have told me to write a book about Truth and Wisdom.It concludes: An occasional student who comes across the name may wonder idly who William Stoner was, but he seldom pursues his curiosity beyond a casual question.A new world, material without being real, where poor ghosts, breathing dreams like air, drifted fortuitously about like that ashen fantastic figure gliding toward him through the amorphous trees (page 169). I saw right away he was a fine appearing gentlemanly young man and when he told me he was an Oggsford I knew I could use him good (page 179).His dream also mirrors that of all immigrants to America, who saw the luscious verdant green of the new land as a paradise.The book’s conclusion, such as it is—I don’t know whether to call it a consolation or a warning—is that there is nothing better in this life.He’s a more instructive foil to Stoner than Lomax, not a rival but a kind of apostate.He did not know that it was already behind him, somewhere back in that vast obscurity beyond the city, where the dark fields of the republic rolled on under the night (page 189).Once every decade or so, someone like me tries to do the same service for it in the U. essay american dream dead I had to stop reading it for a year or two, near the middle of the book, when Stoner’s wife, Edith, undertakes a deliberate but unselfconscious campaign to estrange him from his daughter, the one person he truly loves.But the book, like professor William Stoner, isn’t out to win popularity contests. You could almost describe it as an anti-“Gatsby.” I suspect one reason “Gatsby” is a classic is that, despite his delusions and his bad end, we all secretly think Gatsby’s pretty cool.“Like the Church in the Middle Ages, which didn’t give a damn about the laity or even about God,” says Stoner’s friend Dave Masters, “we have our pretenses in order to survive.” In William Stoner’s most outwardly dramatic moment, when he refuses to pass the fraudulent Walker in his orals, he argues that it’s himself and his like who are the true cripples, confined to the safe asylum of the Academy; Walker is the world embodied, covering for his lack of even a basic factual command of his chosen field with florid rhetoric—in other words, he’s a bullshit artist.Part of “Stoner” ’s greatness is that it sees life whole and as it is, without delusion yet without despair.Fitzgerald shows how the American dream can fail in The Great Gatsby.It mentions that the only evidence of his existence is a medieval manuscript donated to the library by his colleagues in his name.After attaining the material wealth, however, there is no clearly outlined steps to take.Compared to the great discovery that had separated him from Daisy it had seemed very near to her, almost touching her. But with every word she was drawing further and further into herself, so he gave that up and only the dead dream fought on as the afternoon slipped away, trying to touch what was no longer tangible, struggling unhappily, undespairingly, toward that lost voice across the room (page 142).Referring to Gatsby: He was balancing himself on the dashboard of his car with that resourcefulness of movement that is so peculiarly American that comes, I suppose, with the absence of lifting work or rigid sitting in youth and, even more, with the formless grace of our nervous, sporadic games (page 68).But being unfit for the world is to no one’s discredit; the world outside the university is stupid and brutal; of it we hear only echoes of the World Wars and Depression.“It was a real Hitler scene, the air smelled of fear and desperation,” he wrote.And wisdom is, of course, perennially out of style.I became aware of the old island here that flowered once for Dutch sailors eyes a fresh, green breast of the new world.Gatsby and his dream ultimately die in the pool among the fallen leaves.After writing his own book, Stoner “never thought of it, and of his authorship, without wonder and disbelief at his temerity and the responsibility he had assumed.” Literature is the true religion of “Stoner,” and it is this that ultimately redeems Stoner’s life.Two of them are even disfigured—one, Hollis Lomax, Stoner’s colleague and enemy, is a hunchback, and the other, Charles Walker, Lomax’s protégé, has a crippled arm and leg.The American success story is that of hard work allowing a man to become incredibly wealthy.The book is set not in the city of dreams but back in the dusty heartland.Stoner’s wife, Edith, isn’t a 2-D caricature; she’s been raised in an emotional vacuum, taught only useless ornamental skills, sheltered as wholly as possible from reality, and “her moral training … essay american dream dead Its vanished trees, the trees that had made way for Gatsbys house, had once pandered in whispers to the last and greatest of all human dreams (page 189). essay american dream dead

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