Essay on blind belief in india - correlation research definition pdf









essay on blind belief in india

essay on blind belief in indiaEssay on blind belief in india -The devotees’ faith sweeps them away from the governments, political class, judiciary and even the market.The eclipses of the sun and the moon, the sight of shooting star and comets again bode ill.Pramod Kumar Deras and "religious Babas" are the poor cousins of religion.In the guise of religion many superstitions are practiced.These deras use the political space so acquired to get State patronage and, coupled with the blind faith of their followers, even subvert the rule of law.If the State’s institutions do not deliver, it is natural for the people to repose faith in those institutions which deliver and bring "Acchhe Din." The faith of the devotees in the deras acquires moral superiority as compared to other institutions.The conglomerate of the devotees becomes a clan — they marry amongst themselves (irrespective of their caste, religion or creed), appropriate social capital to acquire jobs and multiply their businesses.Even in large cities and towns these people have a very large following.They have strong faith in incantations, magic formulas, talismans and such other non-sensible objects and things.In the economic domain, e.g., financiers, stock exchange speculators, merchants, shopkeepers skim the cream; in civil matters, the lawyers fleece the clients; in politics, the representative is more important than voters, and in religion, God is pushed into background by the mediator (Godmen).” These mediators of God liberate their devotees from vices like drugs, drunkenness, wife-beating and efficiently deliver subsidised food and give access to health services unlike the inefficient implementation of the government’s social security schemes.The deras have made it a practice to venture into the electoral mandi to enhance power.Basil, Bishop of Caesarea in Cappadocia from 370 to 379 Basil, Rule of Saint - St. They have a stronghold on man in spite of rapid advancement of modern science, technology and knowledge. Superstitions can be defined as beliefs based on ignorance and fear.They believe the only protections against these are incantations, talismans or worship of evil-spirits.What is mysterious, unknown, unintelligible and inexplicable generates awe and fear.The importance of deras and “religious babas” acts as an active antidote to the frustration caused in neoliberal economy by income stagnation, expanding inequality and rampant unemployment in a highly competitive electoral politics.The fear in its turn gives rise to blind faith, complexes and superstitions. The sense of some insecurity, fear of ill luck and the dread of the unknown forces in the universe are ingrained in human nature. They have failed to eradicate this fear from their minds.Alleged to have died in the third or fourth century, but date is uncertain and place of martyrdom varies Barcelona - One of the suffragan dioceses of the Archdiocese of Tarragona Bardesanes and Bardesanites - Syrian Gnostic or, more correctly, a Syrian poet, astrologist, and philosopher, d.There is no end to blind beliefs and superstitions.They are the schoolmasters of subaltern poor and middle class.essay on blind belief in indiaBartholomew), and in the provinces of France during the ensuing weeks, and it has been the subject of knotty historical disputes Barton, Elizabeth - Born probably in 1506; executed at Tyburn, 20 April, 1534; called the 'Nun of Kent' Baruch - The disciple of Jeremiah, and the traditional author of the deuto-canonical book, which bears his name Basil the Great, Saint - Biographical article on the Bishop of Caesarea, who is one of the Cappadocian Fathers, Doctor of the Church, and brother of St.In rural India no work is undertaken, no ceremony is performed unless a priest or astrologer is consulted.The author was a controversialist sympathetic to John Knox Books, Index of Prohibited - The exact list or catalogue of books, the reading of which was once forbidden to Catholics by the highest ecclesiastical authority Borromeo, Saint Charles - Biographical article on the Archbishop of Milan, Cardinal, a leading light of the Catholic Reformation Borromini, Francesco - Architect and sculptor; born 25 September, 1599, at Bissone; died by his own hand 1 August, 1667, at Rome Bosco, Saint Giovanni (John) - Commonly called Don Bosco or John Bosco. 1888 Bosnia and Herzegovina - Together, form the northwestern corner of the Balkan Peninsula Bossuet, Jacques-Bénigne - French bishop and orator (1627-1704) Boston - Archdiocese; comprises Essex, Middlesex, Suffolk, Norfolk, and Plymouth counties in the State of Massachusetts, U. A Botticelli, Sandro - Florentine painter (1447-1510) Bouvier, Jeanne-Marie, de La Motte-Guyon - Essay on the life, experiences, and teachings of this seventeenth-century French mystic Boy-Bishop - The custom of electing a boy-bishop on the feast of St. Brendan's famous voyage Brethren of the Lord, The - A group of persons closely connected with the Saviour appears repeatedly in the New Testament under the designation 'his brethren' or 'the brethren of the Lord' Breviary - Evolution of the book, or set of books, containing the texts and rubrics of the canonical hours Breviary, Reform of the Roman - Article on the 1911-1913 revamping of the breviary so as to allow recitation of all of the Psalter each week. at Detroit, Michigan, 17 April, 1876 Brunellesco, Filippo - An architect and sculptor, born at Florence, 1377; died there 16 April, 1446 Bruni, Leonardo - Article by Edmund Burke, summarizing the humanist's life and career Bruno, Saint - Biographical article on the founder of the Carthusians Bruno, Giordano - Italian philosopher (1548-1600) Buddhism - The religious, monastic system, founded c. there, 1 October, 1404 Book of Common Prayer - Includes history and contents Book of Kells - An Irish manuscript containing the Four Gospels, a fragment of Hebrew names, and the Eusebian canons, known also as the 'Book of Columba' Book of Martyrs, Foxe's - Protestant martyrology, from Wyclif to Cranmer, illustrated with woodcuts. on the basis of pantheistic Brahminism Buildings, Ecclesiastical - This term comprehends all constructions erected for the celebration of liturgical acts, whatever be the name given to them, church, chapel, oratory, and basilica Bulgaria - A European kingdom in the northeastern part of the Balkan Peninsula Bull-Fight, The Spanish - Includes details of three kinds of bull-fights: (1) caballerescas, (2) populares, and (3) gladiatorias Bulls and Briefs - A bulla was originally a circular plate or boss of metal, so called from its resemblance in form to a bubble floating upon water Buonarroti, Michelangelo - Italian sculptor, painter, and architect (1475-1564) Burgundy - In medieval times respectively a kingdom and a duchy, later a province of France Burial, Christian - The interment of a deceased person with ecclesiastical rites in consecrated ground Burse - A receptacle in which, for reasons of convenience xnd reverence, the folded corporal is carried to and from the altar Buskins - Ceremonial stockings of silk, sometimes interwoven with gold threads, and even heavily embroidered, worn by the celebrant of a pontifical Mass Butler, Alban - Seventeenth-century English Catholic Buttress - A pilaster, pier, or body of masonry projecting beyond the main face of the wall and intended to strengthen the wall at particular points Byrd, William - Article examining life, sacred and secular music, and related composers Byzantine Architecture - A mixed style, i.e.Brief treatment of the use of beads in prayer by non-Christians Beards - Among the Jews, as among most Oriental peoples, the beard was especially cherished as a symbol of virility; to cut off another man's beard was an outrage Beatific Vision - The immediate knowledge of God which the angelic spirits and the souls of the just enjoy in Heaven Beatification and Canonization - According to some writers the origin in the Catholic Church is to be traced back to the ancient pagan apotheosis Beatitudes, Mount of - Name given to the place where the 'Sermon on the Mount', was delivered Beatitudes, The Eight - The solemn blessings which mark the opening of the Sermon on the Mount Beauregard, Pierre Gustave Toutant - Soldier, b. 735 Bedlam - A London hospital originally intended for the poor suffering from any ailment and for such as might have no other lodging, hence its name, Bethlehem, in Hebrew, the 'house of bread.' Beelzebub - Provides an Old and a New Testament definition Beethoven, Ludwig van - Composer (1770-1827) Beguines & Beghards - As early as the commencement of the twelfth century there were women in the Netherlands who lived alone, and without taking vows devoted themselves to prayer and good works Behaim, Martin - A German cartographer and navigator (1459-1507) Belfry - The upper part of the tower or steeple of a church, for the reception of the bells; or a detached tower containing bells, as the campanile of the Italians Belgium - Information on the history, education, and cemeteries of the country Belial - Found frequently as a personal name in the Vulgate and various English translations of the Bible, is commonly used as a synonym of Satan, or the personification of evil Belief - That state of the mind by which it assents to propositions, not by reason of their intrinsic evidence, but because of authority Bell, Angelus - The triple Hail Mary recited in the evening, which is the origin of our modern Angelus, was closely associated with the ringing of a bell Bellarmine, St.They go to magicians and priests to consult about auspicious and inauspicious moments, hours and days.Even film-makers and producers, with a budget of crores of rupees and a team of scores of men and artists, do not start the production of their films until unless a priest or astrologer gives a green signal and decided an auspicious moment called ‘Mahurat’.It is their reservoir of power which empowers these Godmen, and makes them acquire a larger-than-life image.The cry of many animals like that of a cat, jackal etc are regarded as bringer of ill-luck and evil.Such people believe that ruins, deserted places, graveyards, cremation grounds, certain walls and trees are hunted by evil spirits, ghosts, witches and goblins, always bent upon mischief to human beings.Not long ago small-pox was regarded as the result of the wrath of a goddess.Baal, Baalim - A word which belongs to the oldest stock of the Semite vocabulary and primarily means 'lord', 'owner' Babel, Tower of - Information on the history, site, and construction of the tower Babylonia - Includes geography, history, and biblical references Bacchus and Sergius - Soldiers, martyred in the Diocletian persecution in about 303.In India superstitions are in plenty and everywhere.Similarly there are auspicious and inauspicious days.This interdependent relationship leaves the political class with no choice but to barter with these Godmen and their followers to garner support in elections.Sometimes a superstitious man or woman would sacrifice his or her own child to gratify the evil-disposed super natural powers.222, at Edessa Barjesus - False prophet mentioned in the New Testament Barlaam and Josaphat - Main characters of a seventh-century Christian legend.Poor, backward and weak sections of the society are the main victims of these unscrupulous classes of merchants of superstitions.Paul, ranked by the Church with the Twelve, though not one of them Barocco Style - A debased application to architecture of Renaissance features Bartholomew, Saint - Mentioned in the lists of apostles in the Synoptic Gospels and in Acts, thought to be identical with Nathaniel (mentioned only in the Gospel of John) Bartholomew's Day Massacre, Saint - This massacre of which Protestants were the victims occurred in Paris on 24 August, 1572 (the feast of St.These superstitions have become almost synonymous with religion, customs and rituals. essay on blind belief in india 1865 Barbara, Saint - Legendary virgin and martyr, first mentioned in the early seventh century.The devotees not only justify their being traded in politics, but consider it empowering.He died in 1783 Benedict of Nursia, Saint - Long article on the founder of Western monasticism, and on his Rule Benedict, Medal of - A medal, originally a cross, dedicated to the devotion in honour of St.The vested narrow interests of the priests, religious leaders, astrologers, magicians, charlatans etc., have helped the spread and perpetuation of superstitions.They exploit the credulous and gullible people and thrive at their cost.Many a time woman is lynched, stoned to death or burnt alive as a witch of sorcerer. Superstitions are not confined to a particular cast, community or nation.To cure them, the people resort to bhopas, priests and magicians.Barlaam, a hermit, converted the prince Josaphat to Christianity, despite the efforts of Josaphat's father Abenner to prevent such a thing.Blind faith perpetuates ignorance and garnishes it with moral arrogance — thereby making it convenient to overlook the misdeeds of these powerful “Babas.” Baba Gurmeet Ram Rahim, head of the Sirsa-based Sacha Sauda is facing a case of rape of two sadhvis, charges of murder of a Dera follower Ranjit Singh and journalist Ram Chander Chattarpati and castration of the followers.When Christ supped last he had 13 disciples and soon after that he was arrested and crucified. They should be exposed and public opinion be created against such practices.In turn, these deras and religious "Babas" are provided a shield against the rule of law to allow them to promote their commercial enterprises and personal leisure.They worship stones, trees, quaint and strange objects.They are almost universal but among the advanced, educated and well-off societies and families, the superstitions are gradually losing ground. They also indulge in many kinds of anti-social and criminal activities as they easily get political protection and patronage.Basil drew up his Rule for the members of the monastery he founded about 356 on the banks of the Iris in Cappadocia Basilica - The term can indicate either the architectural style of a church, or its canonical status Basilides - The earliest of the Alexandrian Gnostics, a native of Alexandria and flourished under the Emperors Adrian and Antoninus Pius, about 120-140 Basle, Council of - Convoked by Pope Martin V in 1431, closed at Lausanne in 1449 Bas-relief - A sculpture executed upon and attached to a flat surface Basutoland - A mountainous district of South Africa, bounded on the north and west by the Orange River Colony, on the easy by Natal, and on the south by Cape Colony Battle Abbey - Founded by William the Conqueror on the site of the Battle of Senlae or Hastings (1066) Bavaria, The Kingdom of - Named after the German tribe called Boiarii Baylon, Saint Pascal - Aragonese Franciscan lay brother, d. there 20 February, 1893 Becket, Saint Thomas - Biography of this martyr, also known as St.The deras issue a diktat to induce people to vote according to their faith rather than their conscience.Robert - Biographical article on the Jesuit theologian and cardinal Bellini - Giacomo (Jacopo) Bellini, father of Gentile and Giovanni Bellini.They are educated but not enlightened and so rationality has been marginalized.They can also be seen in the worship of snakes, animals, stones, trees, practice of black magic and witchcraft.Such people do not hesitate even making a sacrifice of a human being to propitiate gods and evil spirits.Nicholas dates from very early times, and was in vogue in most Catholic countries, but chiefly in England Boycotting - Practice named after Captain Boycott, against whom this form of ostracism had great effect Brahminism - Religion and social system which grew out of the polytheistic nature-worship of the ancient Aryan conquerors of northern India Braille, Louis - French educator and inventorof the system of writing in raised or relief points for the blind (1809-1852) Bramante, Donato - Italian architect and painter, b. in Rome, 11 March, 1514 Brazil - Information includes history, religion, climate, education, and economy Bread, Liturgical Use of - In the Christian liturgy bread is used principally as one of the elements of the Eucharistic sacrifice Breads, Altar - Bread is one of the two elements absolutely necessary for the sacrifice of the Eucharist Breast, Striking of the - A liturgical act prescribed in the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass Brébeuf, Jean de - Biographical article on the Jesuit missionary and martyr Brehon Laws, The - Term for Irish native law, as administered in Ireland down to almost the middle of the seventeenth century Brendan, Saint - Article on St. Feasts were also ranked according to liturgical importance, and some offices were no longer obligatory or were even suppressed Bribery - The payment or the promise of money or other lucrative consideration to induce another, while under the obligation of acting without any view to private emolument, to act as the briber shall prescribe Bridget of Sweden, Saint - Biography of the mother of 8, widow, visionary, founder of the Brigittines Briefs and Bulls - A bulla was originally a circular plate or boss of metal, so called from its resemblance in form to a bubble floating upon water Brigid of Ireland, Saint - Biography. Brigid died in 525 Brigittines - Founded in 1346 by St. essay on blind belief in india People resort to priests, god men, occultists, palmists, and those who practice magic and witchcraft to get solutions to their problems and remedies of disease.They mean natural calamity and disaster to superstitious people. They have their roots in ignorance, blind faith, fear of the unknown, lack of scientific spirit and complexes. They are always against the known laws of science and reasoning. They can be seen in the forms of various charms, magic, means, worship of and beliefs in supernatural powers.Too many people the braying of the ass, the barking of a dog, the hooting of the owl are ominous.People try to avoid it at any cost because they think the number fatalistic and ominous. This particular superstition has its origin in the last supper of Jesus Christ. Many political leaders, businessmen, heavy weights and so-called elite throng around these god men. The rationalists and enlightened people should come forward and challenge these god men.Benedict, and commonly known as 'black monks' Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament - Description of the basics of this popular devotion.Similarly, Baba Ram Pal became a bhajan singer and started his own Kabir Panthi sect. When the court issued non-bailable warrants in 2014, his supporters armed themselves with petrol bombs, bottles and stones to resist his arrest. The storm and fury of these followers is demonstrated to pressurise even judicial pronouncements.Cosme, near that city, in 1088 Bernard, Saint - Soldier, monk, abbot, Archbishop of Vienne, d. 1008 Bernardine of Siena, Saint - Biography of the Franciscan missionary, reformer, popular preacher, peacemaker, called 'the Apostle of Italy,' who died in 1380 Bernini, Giovanni Lorenzo - Italian architect and sculptor (1598-1680) Berosus - The name of a native historian of Babylonia and a priest of the great god Bel (Bel-Marduk) Bethany - A village of Palestine Bethlehem - Birthplace of Jesus Bethsaida - Details the city, pool, and titular see of this name Betrothal - In the Catholic Church, a deliberate and free, mutual, true promise, externally expressed, of future marriage between determinate and fit persons Betting - Defined as the backing of an affirmation or forecast by offering to forfeit, in case of an adverse issue, a sum of money or article of value to one who, by accepting, maintains the opposite and backs his opinion by a corresponding stipulation Bezae, Codex - Greek, New Testament manuscript Bibiana, Saint - Female Roman martyr, d. Also called Vibiana Bible, The - A collection of writings recognized as inspired Bible, Authenticity of the - The authority of Holy Writ is twofold on account of its twofold authorship: human authors and divine inspiration Bible, Coptic Versions of the - At least parts of Scripture were translated into all four dialects of the Coptic language, though there is some debate about which of the Coptic versions is oldest Bible, Editions of the - Includes Hebrew and Greek editions Bible, Inspiration of the - Covered in four sections, I. about 316 Blasphemy - Signifies etymologically gross irreverence towards any person or thing worthy of exalted esteem Blessed, The - Beatification is a permission for public worship restricted to certain places and to certain acts Blessed Sacrament, The - Since Christ is present under the appearances of bread and wine in a sacramental way, the Blessed Eucharist is unquestionably a sacrament of the Church Blessed Sacrament, Exposition of the - A manner of honouring the Holy Eucharist, by exposing it, with proper solemnity, to the view of the faithful in order that they may pay their devotions before it Blessed Sacrament, Reservation of the - The practice of preserving after the celebration of the Liturgy a portion of the consecrated elements for the Communion of the sick or for other pious purposes. 12 November of the same year Boniface IV, Pope Saint - Transformed the Pantheon into a Christian church, died in 615 Boniface V, Pope - A Neapolitan who succeeded Deusdedit after a vacancy of more than a year; consecrated 23 December, 619 Boniface VI, Pope - A Roman, elected in 896 by the Roman faction in a popular tumult, to succeed Formosus Boniface VII, Antipope - Roman and son of Ferrucius; was intruded into the Chair of St.Alexis Monteli, as early as in the 18th century, observed, “how in all spheres of social life, the lion's share falls to the middlemen.And is that cat happens to be black, it is considered most disastrous.Benedict Benedict, Rule of Saint - Lengthy article on the text of the Rule and its composition, some analysis, and practical application Benedictine Order - Comprises monks living under the Rule of St.17 April, 858 Benedict IV, Pope - A Roman and the son of Mammalus, became pope in the first half of 900 Benedict V, Pope - Date of birth unknown; died 4 July, 965 Benedict VI, Pope - Benedict, Cardinal-Deacon of St.This works to the advantage of self-styled Godmen, even if convicted by the courts, their devotees consider them to be innocent and victims of competing vested interests. The devotees are traded as voters, private army, donors of labour, body organs, blood, skills etc.842 Bernard, Claude - French physiologist (1813-1878) Bernard of Clairvaux, Saint - Article on the life and works of this twelfth-century Cistercian and Doctor of the Church Bernard of Cluny - A Benedictine monk of the first half of the twelfth century, poet, satirist, and hymn-writer, author of 'On the Contempt of the World' Bernard of Menthon, Saint - Archdeacon of Aosta, preacher, founder of two hospices for travelers in dangerous Alpine passes (now named the Great St. The extreme antiquity of such reservation cannot be disputed Blessed Sacrament, Visits to the - A devotional practice of relatively modern development, honoring the Real Presence of Christ Blessed Virgin Mary, The - The Blessed Virgin Mary is the mother of Jesus Christ, the mother of God Blessing - Aspects discussed are, I. Peter in 974; reinstalled 984; died July, 985 Boniface VIII, Pope - Born at Anagni about 1235; died at Rome, 11 October, 1303 Boniface IX, Pope - Elected at Rome, 2 November, 1389, as successor of the Roman Pope, Urban VI; d.The cultivation of scientific spirit spread of education and rationality can go a long way to check and eradicate superstitions.For them, the modern science and medicine are of no use.Features biographical information and a short bibliography Benziger, Joseph Charles - Founder of the Catholic publishing house that bears his name (1762-1841) Berchmans, Saint John - Biography of this Jesuit, always pious, who died in 1621 at the age of 22 Berengarius of Tours - Born at Tours about 999; died on the island of St. She died in 1816 Bilocation - Latin bis, twice, and locatio, place Bination - The offering up of the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass twice on the same day by the same celebrant Biogenesis and Abiogenesis - According to their Greek derivation these two terms refer to the origin of life Biology - The science on life and living organisms Birds (in Symbolism) - The dove, eagle, pelican, phoenix, and peacock are included Biretta - A square cap with three ridges or peaks on its upper surface, worn by clerics of all grades from cardinals downwards Birth, The Defect of - Illegitimacy, a canonical impediment to ordination Bishop - The title of an ecclesiastical dignitary who possesses the fullness of the priesthood to rule a diocese as its chief pastor, in due submission to the primacy of the pope Bishop, Auxiliary - A bishop deputed to a diocesan who, capable of governing and administering his diocese, is unable to perform the pontifical functions; or whose diocese is so extensive that it requires the labors of more than one; or whose episcopal see has attached to it a royal or imperial office requiring protracted presence at court Bishop's Crook - The Pastoral Staff is an ecclesiastical ornament which is conferred on bishops at their consecration and on mitred abbots at their investiture, and which is used by these prelates in performing certain solemn functions Black Fast, The - This form of fasting, the most rigorous in the history of church legislation, was marked by austerity regarding the quantity and quality of food permitted on fasting days as well as the time wherein such food might be legitimately taken Blackfoot Indians - An important tribe of the Northern Plains, constituting the westernmost extension of the great Algonquian stock Blaise, Saint - Bishop of Sebaste, martyr, d. 1274 Boniface, Saint - Born Winfrid, a native of England, Benedictine monk, the Apostle of Germany, martyred in 755 Boniface I, Pope Saint - Consecrated the same day as the antipope Eulalius. Boniface died in 422 Boniface II, Pope - Elected 17 September, 530; died October, 532 Boniface III, Pope - Roman elected to succeed Sabinian after an interregnum of nearly a year; he was consecrated 19 February, 607; d.Benediction is unusual in that it is a devotional practice partly governed by liturgical law Benedictus, The - One of the three great canticles in the opening chapters of this Gospel, the other two being the Magnificat and Nunc dimittis Benefice - Popularly the term is often understood to denote either certain property destined for the support of ministers of religion, or a spiritual office or function, such as the care of souls Bengy, Anatole de - A martyr of the French Commune (1824-1871) Benjamin - The youngest son of Jacob born of Rachel Benthamism - Article on Jeremy Bentham, English jurist and reformer. Protestant Views on the Inspiration of the Bible Bible, Manuscripts of the - Manuscripts are written, as opposed to printed, copies of the original text or of a version either of the whole Bible or of a part thereof Bibles, Picture - In the Middle Ages the Church made use of pictures as a means of instruction, to supplement the knowledge acquired by reading or oral teaching Biblical Antiquities - Details domestic, political, and sacred antiquities Biblical Commission, The - A committee of cardinals at Rome who, with the assistance of consultors, have to secure the observance of the prescriptions contained in the Encyclical 'Providentissimus Deus' for the proper interpretation and defence of Sacred Scripture Bigamy (in Canon Law) - Canonically viewed, bigamy denotes (a) the condition of a man married to two real or interpretative wives in succession, and as a consequence (b) his unfitness to receive, or exercise after reception, tonsure, minor and sacred orders Bigamy (in Civil Law) - In civil jurisprudence, and especially in criminal law, is a 'formal entering into of a marriage while a former one remains un-dissolved' Billart, Saint Julie - Biographical article on the founder of the Sisters of Notre Dame de Namur. Rite employed in administering Blessing, Apostolic - The popes very often delegated to others the power to give this blessing in answer to petitions from princes, at the close of missions, and on such occasions Blind, Education of the - Includes statistics and history Blood Indians - A group of North American aborigines forming part of the Blackfeet Tribe, which, with the Apapahoes and Cheyennes, constitute the Western division of the Algonquin family Bluetooth, Harold - Son of King Gorm the Old of Denmark (911-986) Bobola, Saint Andrew - Polish Jesuit priest and missionary, martyred in 1657 Boccaccio, Giovanni - Biography and overview of the author's major works Boethius, Anicius Manlius Severinus - Article with a focus on Boethius as a theologian Bohemia - Crown province of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, which until 1526 was an independent kingdom Bohemian Brethren - 'Bohemian Brethren' and 'Moravian Brethren' are the current popular designation of the Unitas Fratrum founded in Bohemia in 1457, renewed by Count Zinzendorf in 1722 Bohemians of the United States - Religious dissensions at the beginning of the seventeenth century induced many to leave their native country and cross the ocean Bollandists, The - An association of ecclesiastical scholars engaged in editing the Acta Sanctorum Bologna, University of - A tradition of the thirteenth century attributed the foundation of this university to Theodosius II (433); but this legend is now generally rejected Bombay - The Archdiocese of Bombay comprises the Island of Bombay with several outlying churches in the neighbouring Island of Salsette Bonaventure, Saint - Biobibliographical essay on the Franciscan theologian and Doctor of the Church, d. John Lateran on Holy Saturday, after which the emperor refused to consider his claim.Brendan of Ardfert and Clonfert, also known as Brendan the Voyager. Monastic founder, abbess of a double monastery, friend of St. Brigit, or Bridget, of Sweden at Vadstena in the Diocese of Linkoeping Brooklyn - Comprises the counties of Kings, Queens, Nassau, and Suffolk, or all of Long Island, in the State of New York, U. A Brownson, Orestes Augustus - Philosopher, essayist, reviewer, b. For example, the crossing of a cat is considered very ominous and a sign of an ill-luck. essay on blind belief in india Pramod Kumar Deras and "religious Babas" are the poor cousins of religion. essay on blind belief in india

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